[ Home | Essays | Nightmares | Praise | Testimonies | Wisdom]


Abstract
The discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA, its structure, and function forever changed the life sciences and birthed the discipline of molecular biology. It is well established that DNA forms a complex language and by the unique nucleotide order defines the amino acid sequence that forms protein and thus the genetic traits of all living things. Elucidation of the complete human genome was a logical outgrowth of this important discovery. This knowledge has increased our understanding of human inheritance and shed light on many genetic illnesses. God’s repeated command in Genesis that living things “reproduce after its kind” refers to this unique genetic pattern and identifies God as not only the Creator, but also as the Author of all living things.

Key Words
Genetics, DNA, human genome, creator, reproduces after their kind


Introduction
There have been many important discoveries that changed the course of human history. Some of these discoveries, such as the invention of the wheel and the use of fire, occurred long before recorded history and we can only speculate as to their immediate effect. Others such as the discovery of oil, electricity, radio and atomic energy occurred more recently and their impact is well documented.

The discovery of DNA and how it functions forever changed the life sciences. Although DNA was first discovered by the Swiss physician Friedrich Miescher in 1869 its function was not understood until the ground breaking work of James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953. The elucidation of the double-helix model was based on the early work of Rosalind Franklin and Raymond Gosling published in 1952. Several papers followed in rapid succession confirming the DNA structure including data by Maurice Wilkins. The important work of Watson, Crick and Wilkins was recognized by their receiving the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1962 (Wikipedia).

God as Creator and Author
Christians worship God as Creator of all things. There are many scriptures proclaiming this fundamental and important truth. Following is one example. You are worthy, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things, and by your will they were created and have their being. (Rev 4:11, NIV) Christians also recognize Christ as the author of their salvation and faith based on the following scripture passages. And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him. (Heb 5:9, NKJ) and again here, Looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith. (Heb 12:2, NKJ) There is another sense in which Christians can see God as Author. He is the Author of all living things.

Three times in the Genesis account of creation God commanded the newly created plants and animals to reproduce after their own kind. The first example occurred on the third day of creation and was with regards to the newly created plants. Then God said, "Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds." And it was so. The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. (Gen 1:11-12, NIV)

The second example occurred on the fifth day of creation and referred to birds and all aquatic life. And God said, "Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky." So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. (Gen 1:20-21, NIV)

The final reference occurred on the sixth day of creation and the command was given to all terrestrial animals. And God said, "Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind." And it was so. God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. (Gen 1:24-25, NIV)

Modern Genetics
People have long observed that cattle give rise to other cattle; dogs produce dogs and so on. Humans produce humans with children displaying physical characteristics of both parents. The inheritance of genetic traits has been of great interest and scientists now understand how it operates in great detail. This has not always been the case. At first there was even some confusion as to the number of human chromosomes. For 30 years it was thought there were 48 chromosomes inside each human cell, but this error was corrected and we now know there are only 46 human chromosomes. The genetic information is contained in the complex DNA molecule. DNA is a huge double helix molecule residing in each chromosome and consisting of two parallel parts twisted together with cross bridges connecting the two sides. It is the order or sequences of these cross bridges that provide the information for the manufacture of proteins from the 20 different amino acids. These complex proteins are essential for cellular function and for life itself. Each set of three cross bridges defines a specific amino acid. There is more information stored in the human DNA than is contained in a typical encyclopedia. Scientists have now mapped the entire 20,000 genes or over 800 megabytes of information that make up human inheritance. Details of the complete human genome were described in 2003. For additional information see Davies, 2002 and McElheny, 2010). Work is now underway mapping the genetic information of several other species. Scientists understand the genetic code is a highly complex and well defined written language. As with any written language, there are various grammatical rules and punctuation marks.

Summary
In addition to specifying the amino acid sequence of proteins, the DNA code also contains mechanisms for proofing the replication process in order to eliminate major mutational errors that may occur as the cells reproduce. Understanding such proof reading codes has made evolution by random mutational error far less likely than was thought just a decade ago. It is for this reason coupled with the recently discovered extreme complexity of all living cells that has caused tens of thousands of former evolutionists to abandon evolution dogma like rats from a sinking ship. This is not to say such skeptics have accepted the Biblical account of creation, but it has forced them to look elsewhere for answers. Evolution once touted as the unifying principle of the life sciences has become bankrupt and fails to even have a plausible explanation for the origin of life. (See Jerry Bergman’s recent books on this subject listed below.) In the not-to-distant future evolution will be relegated to the dustbin of history and people will shake their heads in disbelief that so many learned people were fooled by such unsubstantiated and preposterous idea.



References
Bergman, J. 2011a. Slaughter of the Dissidents. Leafcutter Press.

Bergman, J., 2011b. The Dark Side of Charles Darwin. Master Books.

Bergman, J., 2012. Silencing the Dissidents. In press.

Davies, K., 2002. Cracking the Genome: Inside the Race to Unlock Human DNA. Johns Hopkins University Press.

International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium. 2004. Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome. Nature 431:932-45.

McElheny, V. K., 2010. Drawing the Map of Life: Inside the Human Genome Project. Basic Books.

Smith, E. N., 2010. Creation or Evolution? Consider the Evidence before deciding. Self published.

Smith, E. N., 2011a. Evolution has Failed. Self published.

Smith, E. N. (editor), 2011b. Sacred Cows in Science, no objectivity allowed. Self published.

Smith, E. N. and S. K. Kern, 2012. Creation in Six Days. Self published.

Smith, E. N., 2012. Evolution in Disarray. In press.

Wikipedia.org/Nobel prizes in Physiology or Medicine.