Native Americans depended on the American Buffalo or Bison (Bison bison) for thousands of years for food, tools, clothing, medicine, ornaments and shelter. The widely distributed and abundant buffalo also influenced their culture in many ways including their songs, dances, costumes and religious beliefs. People the world over have marveled at their ability to kill these large, often ferocious beasts with only a primitive bow and arrow. Scientific evidence suggests the buffalo were created to be easily killed thus providing food for a vast native population for thousands of years. They are the only mammal with an incompletely divided mediastinum which means that both lungs are functionally in a one cavity. A single arrow piercing the chest collapses both lungs, killing the animal and providing food. This solves an important problem for Native Americans, but presents a difficult problem for evolutionists. According to evolution theory such a detrimental anomaly should have been quickly eliminated by natural selection…but it remained. This unusual feature provides strong evidence buffalo were designed to die.
Key Words: buffalo, bison, Native Americans, bow and arrow, Creator.
It is difficult to imagine an indigenous people more closely associated with an animal than were the Native Americans with the Bison or American Buffalo, Bison bison. They lived in harmony with these magnificent beasts for thousands of years and were “green” before “going green” became popular. Several indigenous tribes depended on the bison for food, clothing, tools, medicine, ornaments and shelter. The abundant buffalo also influenced their, songs, dances, costumes and religious beliefs. The range of the American Buffalo extended from the northwest territories of Canada, south across the vast grasslands of the western United States and east all the way to the Atlantic Ocean. Estimates of the original bison population are impossible to know with certainty and range from 30 million to over a billion. The twice-a-year migration of bison herds brought awe to all those who witnessed them. Their approach sounded like thunder and the ground shook as in an earthquake. Dust rose from the passing herd and reduced visibility for miles. Some of the larger herds took days to pass. Historical evidence abounds that the huge herds sometimes emptied small lakes by drinking all the water.
People the world over have marveled at the success of Native Americans killing these huge beasts using only a primitive bow and arrow. Large bulls can weigh over 2,000 pounds and are known to be curious and often ferocious, yet they could be killed with a single arrow to the chest. How is this possible? The scientific evidence suggests the buffalo were designed to be easily killed in order to provide food for the Native people. With the notable exception of the American Bison, other mammals have two separate pleural, or lung cavities. For example, if one side of the human chest is penetrated, the lung on that side collapses, but the other lung continues to function and support life. The American buffalo is different. Anatomically the bison has an incompletely divided mediastinum. This means that functionally bison have only one pleural cavity containing both lungs. There is a revealing medical term for the occasional occurrence of this condition in man. It was called “Buffalo Chest” (Grathwohl and Derdak, 2003). A single arrow anywhere in the chest of the bison immediately collapses both lungs. The fatally wounded animal would only continue a few yards before dying, providing food, clothing and tools for native people.
The problem for the Native bow hunter is solved. Yet a serious problem for the evolutionist remains—a problem not mentioned in university textbooks or evolution lectures, yet demanding a thoughtful response. Let’s look more closely at this difficult problem and some of the implications.
Survival of the less fit
The phrase “survival of the fittest” has long been used to describe natural selection and is one of the cornerstones of evolution. It was first used by Herbert Spencer in 1864 after reading Darwin’s Origin of Species and is thought to be the driving force for evolution. Those animals that are less fit are quickly eliminated by natural selection…or so the story goes. The American buffalo is a notable exception and presents a challenging enigma for evolutionists. The scientific evidence suggests the buffalo was designed for Native Americans to be easily killed. This lingering problem is an insurmountable one for the evolutionist, yet demands a response.
There is simply no selective advantage for the incompletely divided mediastinum for the buffalo or any other mammal. Instead, one can argue any animal having this feature is at a huge selective disadvantage because it results in death anytime the chest is punctured. No doubt it is for this reason it is not found in any other mammal. The killing of hundreds of thousands of bison over the centuries by Native Americans is positive proof of the huge selective disadvantage such a unique anatomy had for the bison. Yet the incompletely divided mediastinum in the buffalo remained and provided food for a continent of Native Americans for centuries. Once again observations from science provide evidence of design in nature. God designed the buffalo to provide food for a vast indigenous people. Natural selection played no part in the development of this unusual feature that made the buffalo easy for Native American to kill. Once again evolution has failed to even suggest a theory for this anomaly and is bankrupt. Those pesky facts keep getting in the way of good evolution dogma. Evolution must be accepted by faith, for the facts suggest otherwise.
Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. (John 1:3, NIV)
Bergman, J. 2011a. Slaughter of the Dissidents. Leafcutter Press.
Bergman, J., 2011b. The Dark Side of Charles Darwin. Master Books.
Bergman, J., 2012. Silencing the Dissidents. In press.
Grathwohl, K. W. and S. Derdak. 2003. Buffalo Chest. N. Engl. J. Med 349:19 1829.
Isenberg, A. C. 2001. The destruction of the Bison; An Environmental History 1750-1920. Cambridge University Press.
Krech, S. 2000. The Ecological Indian; Myth and History. W.W. Norton & Co. publisher.
Lewis, M and W. Clark with F. Bergon Editor. 2002. The Journals of Lewis and Clark (Lewis and Clark Expedition). Penguin Classics.
Smith, E. N., 2010. Creation or Evolution? Consider the Evidence before deciding. Available at Amazon.com.
Smith, E. N., 2011a. Evolution has Failed. Available at Amazon.com.
Smith, E. N. (editor), 2011b. Sacred Cows in Science, no objectivity allowed. Available at Amazon.com.
Smith, E. N. and J. Swallow. 2011. The Plains Indians and the Buffalo. Published by Perfect Circle Publishing Company.
Smith, E. N. and S. K. Kern, 2012. Creation in Six Days. Available at Amazon.com.
Smith, E. N., 2012. Evolution in Disarray. In press.